The Columbia University Master of Science of Real Estate Development (MS.RED) program is an intensive, three term (one year) graduate program in real estate offered through Columbia University’s highly ranked Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation. The program leverages its location in one of the great cities of the world, New York City, to teach its students three core tenets of urban real estate development: “the financial, the physical, and the legal”.
In this post, the first in a six-part series on graduate real estate programs in the United States, I’ll explore in-depth the Columbia MS.RED, its students, its curriculum, its admissions process, and whether this prestigious graduate real estate program is right for you.
College: Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation (GSAPP)
Program Name: Columbia Real Estate Development Program
Location: 1172 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027
Year Established: 1985
Program History: Not available
Program Director: Patrice Derrington (since 2015)
- Undergraduate: Columbia University is 4th on the 2015 U.S. News and World Report’s National Universities Rankings List
- Graduate Real Estate: No reputable rankings of graduate real estate programs exist
- Graduate School: The GSAPP is ranked 4th on the Design Intelligence 2016 ranking of America’s Top Architecture Graduate Programs
Degree(s) Offered: Master of Science of Real Estate Development (MS.RED)
Dual Degree(s) Offered?: Yes
- M.S. in Urban Planning and M.S. in Real Estate Development
- M.S. in Historic Preservation and M.S. in Real Estate Development
- No dual MBA and MS.RED
Program Length: Three terms/one year (Summer Term + Fall Term + Spring Term)
Program Website: www.arch.columbia.edu
Cost and Financial Aid
Tuition: $26,460 per term; three term program = $79,380 excluding living expenses and books
Cost of Living Comparison: Using Numbeo’s Cost of Living Comparison tool, I compared the cities where the six graduate real estate schools being profiled are located:
- New York, NY, home of Columbia University, is the 3rd most expensive city in North America.
- New York, NY is 20% more expensive than Boston, MA (MIT is in Cambridge, MA, across the Charles River from Boston)
- New York, NY is 17% more expensive than Washington DC (Johns Hopkins’ full-time real estate program is in Washington, DC; it also offers a part-time option in Baltimore, MD )
- New York, NY is 61% more expensive than Ithaca, NY (Cornell University)
- New York, NY is 37% more expensive than Los Angeles, CA (USC)
- New York, NY is also the home of NYU’s Schack Institute of Real Estate
Financial Aid Available?: Yes
- Subsidized housing: about 1/3rd of students live in university subsidized housing
- Need-based assistance: limited to US citizens and permanent residents; the average need-based award is $16,500
- Merit-based fellowships: All applicants are eligible; no separate application is necessary; no details available on how many are awarded each year and the typical amount of the awards
- Merit-based assistantships: Limited number of teaching and research assistantships offered each year; the assistantships provide up to half of tuition; summer term assistantships are rare; students typically apply after matriculation for fall/spring assistantships
- Work Full-Time While Studying?: While not expressly prohibited, the schedule and load of coursework makes it impossible to work full-time; many students do however work part-time/intern during the school year
Graduation Requirements: 30 core credits + 15 elective credits (approximately 15 credits per 12-week term)
First Term – Summer:
- Real Estate Finance (4.5 credits)
- Construction Management and Technology (3 credits)
- The Architecture of Development I and II (3 credits)
- Development Analysis: Urban Planning (1.5 credits)
- Market Analysis (1.5 credits)
- Electives (1.5 credits)
- History of NYC Real Estate Development (3 credits)
- Real Estate Finance II (3 credits)
- Real Estate Law (3 credits)
- Electives (6 credits)
- Capstone: Real Estate Case Studies (3 credits)
- Real Estate Finance III (3 credits)
- Electives (9 credits)
Concentrations Available?: No
Courses Available Outside of GSAPP School?: Yes
- Students can take up to three credits cross-registration with other schools at Columbia University subject to certain requirements
- A list of available courses for cross-registration comes out each term
- Advanced Construction Management
- Advanced Excel Skills
- Advanced Finance and Investing
- Affordable Housing Development
- Affordable Housing Finance
- Alternative and Distressed Investments
- Asset Management
- Commercial Leasing
- Corporate Finance
- Development Financial Analysis
- Distressed Investing
- Global Markets
- Hotel Transactions
- Private Equity & Capital Raising
- RE Capital Markets
- RE Entrepreneurship
- RE Transaction Law
- Real Estate Investment Analysis
- REIT Analysis
- Retail Investing and Development
- Tax Issues
- The Dealmaking Process
- Underwriting I, Underwriting II
- Urban Economics
Note on Electives: Within each term is a six or seven week “A” and “B” section. Almost every elective lasts for only one section of the term, whereas the required courses last the full 12 weeks. Rarely does an elective last the full 12 week term.
# of Full-time Real Estate Faculty: Information not available (one of my sources said he believes there are two or three full-time faculty, the rest adjunct)
Faculty: (see more details here)
Jesse M. Keenan
Note: hard data was limited in this area. Much of the information below is anecdotal, provided to me by one current student and one recent graduate of the program as their best guess having attended the program.
- Size: 90 – 120 students
- International (%): 30% – 40%
- Female (%): 25%-30%
- Avg. Age: Late 20s
- Age Range: 22 – 40s
- Avg. Years Work Experience: Varies greatly, but 3+ years is typical
- Median GMAT: Both GMAT and GRE are accepted but no median GMAT information was available; best guess is in the 650-720 range, scores typical of students at top business programs
- Avg. Undergraduate GPA: Best guess is low to mid 3s, but no information was available other than anecdotal notes from sources
- Pre-Grad School Industry: Many students are transitioning into real estate from other fields; one of my sources said his class came from approximately 1/3rd architecture background, 1/3rd finance or banking, and 1/3rd other disciplines
- Clubs: 11 clubs are listed on the Columbia MSRED’s old website (see them here), but no up-to-date information on active clubs was immediatly available
- Center for Urban Real Estate (CURE):
- “CURE identifies, shares, and advocates solutions for a rapidly urbanizing world. The center offers GSAPP faculty and students a cross-disciplinary approach that integrates theory and practice to solve unique development problems”
- Students can undertake independent research projects with CURE
- Lunchbox Lecture Series: hosted by the RED Student Association, this weekly event provides real estate students at Columbia an opportunity to hear from and interface with real estate executives and industry thought leaders
- Typically held every Monday
- Notable speakers recently include Marc Holliday, Marty Burger, and Mark McGoldrick
- Companies recently represented at the event include Vornado, Silverstein Properties, SL Green, Thor Equities, Fortress Investment Group, Apollo, and Extell
- An excellent opportunity to network with industry professionals and other real estate students at Columbia
- Social Chairs: Students elect “social chairs” at the beginning of the year to plan group functions outside of class
- How social are students?: How active and who MSRED students socialize with outside of class depends on a) whether the student is from NYC (i.e. already has a social network in the city), b) a student’s personal initiative to engage with other students out of class, c) how close to campus the student lives, and d) how good the social chairs are at organizing activities
- Types of Activities: Quote from one of my sources:
“Everyone is usually invited to people’s birthday parties and such. There are always events for people to see each other, and there are always dinners being planned and nights out planned. Social chairs have arranged bar tabs, boat cruises around Manhattan, central park picnics, BBQ trips to Brooklyn, and a lot of the time stuff is planned from students aside from the social chairs too. It’s a free for all and everyone loves being together because most students come to NYC without knowing anyone else here, so there is a lot of program bonding.”
Areas of Focus: A majority of graduates land jobs in development, but there is also a strong representation of MSRED grads in other areas of real estate (e.g. acquisition, finance, investment banking, private equity, affordable housing, consulting, and entrepreneurship).
Geographic Focus: The program is very NYC focused, and so it’s not surprising that most domestic students decide to stay and work in New York. International students generally return to their home countries to work.
Career Service Offerings:
- Full-time Real Estate Career Development Professional?: Yes
- Career Programming: Speed networking with alumni, MSRED Alumni Mentorship Program, annual career fair (typically in February)
Internships: About half of students seek internships during the school year to bolster their resume and potentially lead to full-time employment. Here is a list of firms Columbia MSRED students have interned at:
APC Realty Advisors
Brack Capital Real Estate
Browne Fino Davis
Citigroup Alternative Invsts.
CRG Realty Capital
Cushman & Wakefield
Deutsche Bank Realty
Edward J. Minskoff Realty
Empire State Dev. Corp.
Ernst & Young
Forest City Ratner
Fortress Investment Group
GE Capital Asset Mgmt.
JP Morgan Asset Management
Mayor’s Office of Operations
Millstein Bros. Realty
Moody’s Investor Services
NYC Economic Dev. Corp.
The Gale Company
The Marketing Directors
Tishman Urban Corp.
No formal job placement statistics are available for recent graduates of the MS.RED program, however GSAPP performed a survey in 2014 of all GSAPP alumni who graduated from 2009 – 2013. You can find these statistics here. I use some takeaways from this survey in my comments below:
- Avg. Salary: 82 MS.RED graduates from 2009-2013 responded to the survey. Of those, 71% make more than $100,000 per year. However, of the seven MS.RED graduates from 2013 who responded, less than 50% (likely 3/7 but the data isn’t granular enough to be certain) make more than $100,000. Based on this data, most likely the average graduate coming out of the program makes somewhere near $100,000 in his first year after graduation and then climbs above $100,000 in the second or third year after graduation. This is in line with research we’ve done on salaries in institutional real estate.
- Placement Within Three Months of Graduation: No hard data available, but here’s anecdotal information from a recent graduate:
“I found my current position about a month after graduation and started two months after graduation. A large majority find positions in the summer following graduation.”
- Types of Firms Hiring: Similar to those on list of internship firms
- Position Titles: generally analyst and associate level positions; assistant project manager and project manager level positions
Admissions information is always subject to change, so you should confirm this information is still applicable by visiting the GSAPP’s admissions page.
- Undergraduate Degree: Must hold degree from an accredited college or university
- Fields Considered: All fields considered. From GSAPP’s website: “While graduate and professional academic preparation in development-related disciplines, such as architecture, finance, law, urban design, historic preservation, civil engineering, or urban planning is highly desirable it is not essential for admission to the program”
- Work Experience: A minimum of two years prior work experience is recommended
- Online application
- $75.00 application fee
- Three letters of recommendation
- Scanned copies of official academic transcripts
- Personal statement
- GRE or GMAT
- TOEFL (International students only)
- Applicants: Not available
- Acceptance Rate: Not available
- Admission Rounds: One
- Application Deadline(s): January 15
- Decision Letters Sent: Varies
My goal has been to provide a fact-based profile of Columbia’s MS.RED program. As such, I’ve been careful not to provide much commentary on the facts as they’ve been communicated. This last section, ‘Commentary’, deviates slightly from that goal but only in so much as it’s necessary to take the comments provided me by one current MS.RED student and one recent graduate and communicate their thoughts on the program’s strengths and what it takes to get admitted to the program.
Strengths (per my sources):
- New York Location. If you’re wanting to work in New York real estate, it’s hard to argue that you could go wrong with the Columbia MS.RED. Most students graduate and stay in NYC, which means the program boasts a large alumni contingent in the city ready and willing to help existing students find jobs there. Additionally, many of the professors are active real estate professionals working in New York, which means what they teach is often directly related to what’s happening in NYC real estate.
- Development. As one of my sources put it, “I can’t compare to other MSRED programs, but my personal impression is that Columbia does a great job with development. It’s a development program, in the architecture school, and there is a lot of emphasis on development within the classes and electives.” That’s not to say that development is the only direction one could go – the program certainly offers versatility – but it offers a strong development focus that sets it apart.
- One Year Intensive Program. This was a theme between both sources I communicated with. Both individuals liked that the program was short (one year) and intensive (45 credits over three semesters). While this is not unusual among graduate real estate programs (Cornell’s Baker Program being the exception at two years), it’s an attractive option for those who want to spend as little time as possible out of the work force.
Admission Advice (per my sources):
- “Take night classes or a few courses on real estate finance at a local university (or online) and include that in the application.”
- “If you know how to use Excel, maybe send in a model demonstrating your ability to use it.”
- “Reach out to current students and/or alumni and network with them. I believe new applicants can list referrals of current students or alums.”
- “Have work experience.”
My hope is that the school profiles, including this profile of the Columbia MS.RED can be living documents that are regularly updated as new information comes available. So if you have any additional information you think will improve this profile, please share it with me and I’ll gladly add it to the profile. Also, undoubtedly there is inaccurate or incomplete information in this profile and so please let me know if you see something that needs correcting.
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About the Author: Born and raised in the Northwest United States, Spencer Burton has over 15 years of real estate investment and development experience. In his current position, Spencer assesses new acquisition, development, and debt opportunities for a $45bn real estate fund. He resides in Dallas, TX.