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a shopping center with robust sales and low occupancy cost
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Tenant Sales and Occupancy Cost in Retail Underwriting

When underwriting a retail investment, rollover risk is an incredibly important consideration. You, as a prospective debt or equity investor in the property, need to understand how secure the cash flows you're buying are; or in other words,…
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Calculate Residual Land Value in Excel

Here's the scenario. You're a real estate developer. You spot a prime parcel of land that would be perfect for your real estate project. So you approach the owner of the land about selling and she says, "Okay, bring me an offer." How much do…
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The Limitations of IRR When Evaluating Real Estate Investments

The internal rate of return is one of the most commonly used metrics to value real estate investment opportunities. Simply put, the IRR is the target percent an investor is expected to earn over the life of the investment if the investment performs…
a group of real estate professionals at a networking event
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The State of Real Estate Crowdfunding

Following the housing crash of 2007 - as regulations were introduced and credit tightened - emerging companies were left with little or no access to the capital markets. In an effort to ameliorate the credit crunch, Congress drew up the Jumpstart…
vintage Walgreens on corner of two busy california streets
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Single Tenant NNN Lease Valuation Model

I've been meaning for some time to put together a single tenant net lease (NNN) valuation Excel model for the blog. I had some post-turkey day free time and so I sat down and hammered out a model that I think is pretty cool. The model is…
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San Francisco Development Explosion! - Interactive Map & Side Project

San Francisco's downtown area is currently going through an unprecedented, skyline redefining transformation. So many incredible developers and architects are in the process of leaving their mark on this city and it's all happening or will…
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30/360, Actual/365, and Actual/360 - How Lenders Calculate Interest on CRE Loans – Some Important Insights

Commercial real estate lenders commonly calculate loans in three ways: 30/360, Actual/365 (aka 365/365), and Actual/360 (aka 365/360). Real estate professionals should be aware of these methods if they want to understand the real interest…
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After Tax Analysis in Real Estate

When modeling real estate investments, industry practice is generally to stop at before tax cash flow. And this makes sense in most instances. No two owners of real estate have the exact same tax situation and no two properties necessarily…
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Understanding Taxes Series: Part 2 - Exceptions to The PAL Rules

The PAL Rules - A Brief Background The PAL Rules, or Passive Activity Loss Rules, were enacted in 1986 to curb rampant abuses from people using real estate and businesses to generate huge losses to offset income taxes. It used to be that you…