a shopping center with robust sales and low occupancy cost
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Tenant Sales and Occupancy Cost in Retail Underwriting

When underwriting a retail investment, rollover risk is an incredibly important consideration. You, as a prospective debt or equity investor in the property, need to understand how secure the cash flows you're buying are; or in other words,…
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The Limitations of IRR When Evaluating Real Estate Investments

The internal rate of return is one of the most commonly used metrics to value real estate investment opportunities. Simply put, the IRR is the target percent an investor is expected to earn over the life of the investment if the investment performs…
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Watch Me Build a Tenant Rollover Analysis Model

The feedback has been positive on the ‘Watch Me Build a Multifamily Model’ video I recorded earlier this year. So I thought I’d follow that up with another. This time I build a Real Estate Tenant Rollover Analysis Model and talk through…
a large commercial real estate building
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Refinance Risk Analysis Tool in Excel

Simply put, equity real estate investors spend their time modeling the upside while their debt partners spend their time modeling the down side. Equity investors generally focus on an investment's internal rate of return, cash-on-cash return,…
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Physical Occupancy Calculation Model for Real Estate

As many of you know, I'm in the midst of moving my family from Milwaukee to Dallas, and quite frankly I'm getting sick of eating out and sleeping in hotel rooms. So what better way to unwind from hours of whining kids and tiresome travel, than…
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Using an IRR Matrix to Determine Hold Period

When building a real estate financial pro forma, it's important to model for and include a summary of various return and risk metrics. Among the different return metrics, the internal rate of return (IRR) - both on an unlevered and levered…
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After Tax Analysis in Real Estate

When modeling real estate investments, industry practice is generally to stop at before tax cash flow. And this makes sense in most instances. No two owners of real estate have the exact same tax situation and no two properties necessarily…
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Create A Dynamic Revenue Row to Calculate Multiple Tenant Leases

I recently received an email from one of our readers asking how to create a dynamic revenue row for a pro forma that can capture rent changes for multiple tenants. I thought that this would make a great post for the site and would be a good…
Real Estate IRR Partitioning
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IRR Partitioning in Excel

In this post, I'd like to show you how to partition the internal rate of return of your real estate investment in Excel. I also throw in a quick equity multiple partition, to highlight how the time value of money affects your returns. I've recorded…