The more time you spend modeling real estate in Excel, the more important keyboard shortcuts become. It’s partly about speed – using keyboard shortcuts is much faster than using the mouse. But it’s also about impressing your peers; whether you admit it or not!

In fact, I remember the first time I watched a true Excel whiz model. With mouse collecting dust on the edge of his desk, he danced around the Excel Workbook quickly and seamlessly. It was a thing of beauty. I was mesmerized.

Of course not everyone is determined to model without a mouse. But even still, there are certain keyboard shortcuts everyone should learn to use if they’re determined to be a proficient real estate financial modeler.

Note: These keyboard shortcuts are for PC use

1) CTRL + Arrow Key

While the arrow keys are used to navigate around the worksheet, they only move one cell at a time. The problem with this is, as your worksheet grows in size, it can take forever to get from one end of a row or column to the other.

The CTRL + Arrow key sequence remedies this problem. Pressing CTRL + an Arrow key will move the cursor from its current location to the edge of the current data region in a worksheet. For example, if you are on a row with data filling all cells 15 cells to the right, pressing CTRL + Arrow right will move the cursor 15 rows to the right or to the edge of the data in that row.

Similarly, if the cursor is in a cell with no data immediately to the right and you press CTRL + Arrow right, the cursor will move to the first cell to the right that contains data (regardless of how far away that cell is). Once you master this key stroke, moving around the worksheet becomes much quicker than moving around the worksheet with the mouse.

2) SHIFT + Arrow Key

If you plan to abandon the mouse in Excel, it is essential that you learn to select cells with your keyboard. The SHIFT plus Arrow keystroke allows you to select multiple cells at once.

Add the CTRL key to your SHIFT + Arrow shortcut to select large ranges of cells at once.

3) CTRL + PgUp/PgDown

Moving between worksheet tabs can be time consuming with the mouse, especially when you have so many tabs that the tabs don’t all fit on the screen. The CTRL + PgUp and CTRL + PgDown keystrokes move between tabs automatically.

CTRL + PgDown moves to the tab immediately to the right, and CTRL + PgUp moves to the tab immediately to the left. Hold CTRL and press PgUp or PgDown rapidly to move quickly through the tabs list.

4) F2 key

Another keystroke for improving your Excel speed is the F2 key. F2 opens the formula bar, allowing you to immediately edit the formula in the current cell without having to use the mouse to move the cursor up to the formula bar.

5) CTRL + 1

Need to change the format of the cells quickly without having to right click, scroll down through the context menu, and click ‘Format Cells’? CTRL + 1 is the shortcut for the Format Cells dialog box. Just press CTRL + 1, and then use the tab key and arrow keys to cycle through the different options within the Format Cells dialog box.

6) CTRL + SHIFT + [1 – 7]

Another quick way to automatically format the text in a cell is to use the CTRL + SHIFT + any number between 1 and 7. While the format options with these keystrokes are limited, you can’t beat the speed when one of these formats is what you’re needing!

  • CTRL + SHIFT + 1 = Format the cell as a standard ‘Number’ with (,) separator and two decimal points. Example: 1,000.25
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 2 = Make the cell a custom time with the format h:mm AM/PM. Example: 12:00 AM
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 3 = Make the cell a custom date with the format d-mmm-yy. Example: 17-Mar-15
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 4 = Format the cell as a standard ‘Currency’ with $, two decimal points, red negative numbers, and () around negative numbers. Example: positive number = $1,256.22; negative number = ($3,880.90)
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 5 = Format the cell as a standard ‘Percentage’ with no decimal points. Example: 56%
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 6 = Format the cell as a standard ‘Scientific Value’ with two decimal points. Example: 5.56E+03
  • CTRL + SHIFT + 7 = Add an outside border around the selected cell(s)

About the Author: Born and raised in the Northwest United States, Spencer Burton has over 15 years of real estate investment and development experience. In his current position, Spencer assesses new acquisition, development, and debt opportunities for a $45bn real estate fund. He resides in Dallas, TX.