a shopping center with robust sales and low occupancy cost
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Tenant Sales and Occupancy Cost in Retail Underwriting

When underwriting a retail investment, rollover risk is an incredibly important consideration. You, as a prospective debt or equity investor in the property, need to understand how secure the cash flows you're buying are; or in other words,…
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Calculate Residual Land Value in Excel

Here's the scenario. You're a real estate developer. You spot a prime parcel of land that would be perfect for your real estate project. So you approach the owner of the land about selling and she says, "Okay, bring me an offer." How much do…
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Watch Me Build a Tenant Rollover Analysis Model

The feedback has been positive on the ‘Watch Me Build a Multifamily Model’ video I recorded earlier this year. So I thought I’d follow that up with another. This time I build a Real Estate Tenant Rollover Analysis Model and talk through…
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Using an IRR Matrix to Determine Hold Period

When building a real estate financial pro forma, it's important to model for and include a summary of various return and risk metrics. Among the different return metrics, the internal rate of return (IRR) - both on an unlevered and levered…
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After Tax Analysis in Real Estate

When modeling real estate investments, industry practice is generally to stop at before tax cash flow. And this makes sense in most instances. No two owners of real estate have the exact same tax situation and no two properties necessarily…
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Watch Me Build a Multifamily Real Estate Model

One way to become a better real estate financial modeling professional, is to watch other professionals model. I know in my career being able to physically see how others tackle different modeling problems has shaped my methods and made me better…
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Create A Dynamic Revenue Row to Calculate Multiple Tenant Leases

I recently received an email from one of our readers asking how to create a dynamic revenue row for a pro forma that can capture rent changes for multiple tenants. I thought that this would make a great post for the site and would be a good…
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Hide and Unhide Tabs using Drop-down Menus in Excel

I'd like to share a handy little trick I learned this week for hiding and unhiding tabs in Excel using drop-down menus. Now this method requires you to use some basic VBA code and to save the Workbook as a Macro-Enabled file but don't be intimidated…
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How to Use the Apartment Acquisition Model's Monte Carlo Simulation Module

You may recall that a couple of weeks ago, I began to explore Stochastic Modeling concepts, or the idea of adding probability into my models, to get a more complete picture of the risk-return metrics of an investment. I became interested in…