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All About Careers in Real Estate Management (Updated June 2024)

Once a real estate asset is acquired by an acquisitions professional or developed by a development professional, it falls to real estate management jobs to operate the property successfully. This team is made up of property managers, asset managers, and portfolio managers with the help of real estate accountants.

Search our list of jobs in asset management and portfolio management or use our advanced search page.

The property manager manages the day-to-day operations of the property. Depending on the property type, the property manager does everything from keeping the property clean to maintaining the condition of the property. In the case of multifamily assets, the property manager typically also handles leasing and marketing activities.

While property managers handle the day-to-day, the asset manager handles the big picture management of the property. They hire the property management and leasing firms, approve new leases, develop periodic business plans for the property, decide when it’s time to rehab or sell the property, and so forth. The asset manager might be thought of the owner of the property, carrying out the initial plan handed him by the acquisition or development professional and ultimately being responsible for the success or failure of the investment.

The portfolio manager manages a portfolio of properties. This individual generally works with both the acquisition/development team and the asset managers to think strategically about how acquiring, improving, or disposing of properties will increase the risk adjusted returns of the portfolio. Portfolio managers also coordinate with those tasked with raising capital to develop strategies that meet the needs of investor partners.


Titles in property management include assistant property manager, property manager, senior property manager, and director of property management among others.

Titles in asset management and portfolio management are similar to those in acquisitions and development and include analyst, senior analyst, associate, senior associate, vice president, executive director, director, and managing director.


Property management professionals work for property management firms hired by real estate operators. They also may work for brokerage firms who are contracted to manage real estate or by real estate owners who prefer to operate their assets in-house.

Asset managers work for owners of real estate, which include public equity, private equity, and family offices. Large institutional owners of real estate such as life insurance companies, endowments, pension funds, and sovereign wealth funds also hire asset management professionals.

Portfolio managers are hired by all sorts of real estate owners but are especially valuable to firms sensitive to the relative return of their real estate portfolio. For instance, private equity firms that raise money from large institutional investors hire portfolio managers to help assemble and manage a portfolio of real estate assets that can beat indices such as those tracked by NCREIF. For private equity real estate firms, achieving alpha can mean the difference between successfully subscribing the next closed-end fund or not, so experienced portfolio managers are in high demand.


A few of the duties and responsibilities of property management professionals include:

  • Handling the day-to-day operations & management of buildings which may include,
  • Assisting with scheduling inspections for security, life safety and other items,
  • Engaging third-party suppliers and contractors,
  • Maintaining physical presence on-site everyday,
  • Preparing contracts and purchase orders,
  • Monitoring janitorial services,
  • Overseeing building repair requests,
  • Performing financial management and record keeping activities and communicating results to asset manager,
  • Participating in the preparation of annual operating budgets and creation of property business plans,
  • In the case of apartment properties, manage leasing and marketing activities.


A few of the duties and responsibilities of asset management professionals include:

  • Developing and maintaining relationship with property management and leasing firms,
  • Working closely with property manager to develop and execute operating budgets and property business plan/property strategy,
  • Monitoring progress of business plan/property strategy and communicating progress to team and JV partners on a regular (typically monthly) basis,
  • Managing problems that may arise at the property,
  • Knowing the market and other assets so as to be able to communicate potential opportunities or threats,
  • Negotiating major leases, debt financing, construction and capital projects, management contracts, and so forth,
  • Reviewing and approving budget, comparing budget to actual performance and to original underwriting assumptions,
  • Regularly appraising the value of the property,
  • Making sell, hold, and remodel recommendations,
  • Reporting to investment committee and investors,
  • Managing the disposition process including selection of broker, review of offering memorandum, and negotiation of sale contract.


A few of the duties and responsibilities of property management professionals include:

  • Working with acquisitions, development, and asset management teams to make informed strategic decisions involving the fund,
  • Coordinating with legal and tax professionals to ensure fund’s compliance with applicable laws,
  • Developing and disseminating monthly, quarterly, and/or annual reports to investors,
  • Creating capital management plans, including efficiently allocating debt and equity to each investment,
  • Working with accounting and asset management to ensure appropriate income and expense management,
  • Overseeing fund analysis tools, including valuation models, performance attribution tools, market and submarket forecasts, and risk assessments/stress tests, to make investment decisions accretive to the real estate fund.


Requirements vary greatly for property management positions, depending on the geographic market, property type, and firm. It is not uncommon to see junior property management positions offered to applicants without a Bachelors degree. However, in general a Bachelors degree is expected of senior property managers although extensive experience may be a substitute.

A Bachelors degree is typically a requirement for analyst level asset management and portfolio management positions. A Masters degree is fast becoming a requirement for associate level and above asset management and portfolio management positions.


See our section on salaries in real estate for more information.


Successful asset and portfolio management professionals possess a strong understanding of real estate investment principles, superior written and verbal communication abilities, and enhanced interpersonal skills. These professionals are well-organize, capable of managing numerous tasks at one time. They are self-directed, working independently as well as in a team environment. They have an advanced proficiency in MS Excel, Word, Outlook, and a working knowledge of industry-specific software platforms for asset management such as ARGUS and YARDI.

Conclusion and Resources

In conclusion, real estate management jobs play a crucial role in ensuring the successful operation of properties after acquisition or development. From property managers handling daily operations to asset managers overseeing the strategic direction and portfolio managers optimizing investment returns, each position is vital to the real estate industry. For those interested in these dynamic roles, opportunities abound across various firms and institutions. Explore our job listings in asset management and portfolio management or utilize our advanced search page to find your next career move in real estate management.

To further help you as you plan your career, we’ve developed a variety of these career and education resources here at A.CRE that we’ve found valuable as we’ve blazed our own career paths (see below). Moreover, for those ready to actively pursue new opportunities, consider using our Cover Letter Composer tool. This custom GPT is designed to help you craft compelling cover letters tailored to various roles in commercial real estate, enhancing your applications and improving your chances of landing an interview in this competitive field. Utilizing resources like this can be a significant step towards advancing your career in CRE.



About the Author: Born and raised in the Northwest United States, Spencer Burton has over 20 years of residential and commercial real estate experience. Over his career, he has underwritten $30+ billion of commercial real estate at some of the largest institutional real estate firms in the world. He is currently President and member of the founding team at Stablewood. Spencer holds a BS in International Affairs from Florida State University and a Masters in Real Estate Finance from Cornell University.