When I decided to share my real estate equity waterfall model in Excel, I never imagined it would be as popular as it has. The model has been downloaded thousands times and many of you have written to extend your thanks for sharing. It is gratifying to know that the model has been put to good use and we welcome the opportunity to give back to the commercial real estate community in any way we can.
Note: As of version 1.6, this model now summarizes the amounts for each distribution type to the LP and Sponsor. So for instance, the summary now calculates how much in Promote is paid to the Sponsor, how much excess cash flow is distributed to the LP and Sponsor, etc.
Are you an Accelerator Member? Check out the Advanced Concept Module on how to add this feature to your waterfall model. Not yet an Accelerator member, consider joining.
The genesis of this model, is that I received a nice email from someone requesting that I modify my equity waterfall model to include monthly, rather than annual, cash flow periods. The modification took a bit of work, but you can find a link to download the model at the end of this post.
This model uses the same general methodology as my other equity waterfall model, only this version uses monthly rather than annual periods with the option to calculate IRR hurdles using either XIRR() or IRR()*12 . Unlike its annual counterpart, it does not have an option to use Equity Multiple hurdles nor does it include the option to model asset management fees or development fees. As time permits, I’ll work to add those features to this model.
Note: Are you an Accelerator member? Learn about the distinction between XIRR() and IRR()*12 as well as how to build an equity waterfall model with monthly periods by clicking here.
The model also breaks out the cash flow distributions to each of the partners. The distribution types include preferred return, return of capital, excess cash flow, and promote. Additionally as of v1.6, the model calculates GP fees both before and after fees.
Using the Equity Waterfall Model with Monthly Periods
Using the model is simple. Just drop in your analysis start date, net levered cash flow stream from your DCF, sponsor vs. partner equity share, preferred return and IRR hurdles, choose whether to calculate IRR hurdles using XIRR() or IRR()*12, and then let the model do the rest. And again, it is not intended to be a standalone model, but it should be rather simple to plug into your own model.
The model has been available for several years and gone through several updates. Nonetheless, there may be errors so please let me know if you find any. And as always, feel free to reach out with any comments or questions you may have.
Download the Real Estate Equity Waterfall Model with IRR Hurdles (Monthly Periods)
To make this model accessible to everyone, it is offered on a “Pay What You’re Able” basis with no minimum (enter $0 if you’d like) or maximum (your support helps keep the content coming – similar real estate equity waterfall models sell for $100 – $300+ per license). Just enter a price together with an email address to send the download link to, and then click ‘Continue’. If you have any questions about our “Pay What You’re Able” program or why we offer our models on this basis, please reach out to either Mike or Spencer.
We regularly update the model (see version notes). Paid contributors to the model receive a new download link via email each time the model is updated.
Version 1.6 – June 16, 2020
- Added breakout of distributions
- Breakdown of preferred return cash flow to LP and Sponsor
- Breakdown of return of capital between LP and Sponsor
- Breakdown of excess cash flow to LP and Sponsor after payment of promote to Sponsor
- Calculate amount of promote paid to Sponsor
- Calculate and display breakdown of cash flow for each type between LP and Sponsor
- Now calculating Sponsor returns before and after fees
- Misc. formatting updates
Version 1.5 -Sept 14, 2019
- Updated to a more modern header design
- Removed blue background on input cells, to be consistent with formatting norm (i.e. formatting best practices)
- Added option to model GP IRR and Equity Multiple Catch Up
- Added drop-down menu to use GP Catch Up or not
- Catch Up option appears when GP’s ownership share is >0% but it’s distribution % in tier 1 is less than it’s pro rata ownership share %
- Misc. formatting enhancements
- Updates to Version tab
- Added option to calculate IRR hurdle using XIRR() or IRR()*12
- Inserted drop-down menu to toggle between two calculation methods
- Updated Required Return calculation rows and IRR Check formulas to accommodate both methods
- Recorded new walk-through video for this model
- Updated Sponsor return calculations to accommodate scenario where Sponsor contributes 0
- Misc. formatting fixes and improvements
- Revised ‘Error Check’ formula to account for rounding errors
- Fixed an error where in some cases the 2nd tier LP distributions were overestimated
- Added option to model sponsor fees; can include up to two different sponsor fees (e.g. AUM fee, acquisition/disposition fee)
- Changed analysis start date assumption
- Cleaned up Promote Structure inputs and notes to make it more clear how Sponsor is being promoted
- Removed reference to USD to better support non-US users
- Renamed tab to ‘Partnership Returns – Annual’, to better reflect purpose of module
- Various formatting improvements
- Simplied hurdle 1 modeling; no longer tracking sponsor capital account
- Improved version tracking
- Miscellaneous bug fixes
- Added link to waterfall module with annual periods
About the Author: Born and raised in the Northwest United States, Spencer Burton has nearly 20 years of residential and commercial real estate experience. Over his career, Spencer has helped close $4.5 billion and underwrite $30 billion of commercial real estate at some of the largest institutional real estate firms in the world. He is currently the Head of Real Estate Investments and member of the founding team at Stablewood Properties.