Entries by Spencer Burton

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How to Create Dynamic, In-Cell Buttons and Toggles in Microsoft Excel

Creating intuitive, user-friendly, visually appealing models is one aspect of mastering real estate financial modeling. One way to make your models easy for people to use and more attractive in general is to use dynamic, theme-appropriate, in-cell buttons (ie. a button that changes text, font, background based on certain logic) and toggles (i.e. buttons to […]

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Watch Me Expand the Home Construction Pro Forma

I’m regularly asked to expand my single family home construction pro forma to analyze the construction of more than one home. I’ve contemplated adding that functionality to the model, but it is such a custom task that no template could really cover even a majority of multi-home scenarios. So instead, I thought I’d show you […]

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Single Family Home Construction Pro Forma for Home Builders (Updated 12.29.2019)

I’m often asked to share models centered around residential development and home building. This is an area of real estate I’m completely comfortable in, since I spent the first 10 years of my career in new residential development. Not surprisingly, I’ve assembled a decent size library of Excel pro formas for land developers and home […]

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Residential Land Development Pro Forma (Updated 12.18.2019)

As many of you know, I started my career in residential land development first as a broker and later as a principal. During that time I built my fair share of residential land development Excel pro formas, modeling returns and forecasting cash flows for my clients and investor partners. I’ve since transitioned into the institutional side […]

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Real Estate Equity Waterfall Model – IRR and Equity Multiple Hurdles (Updated 12.8.2019)

Over the years, this real estate equity waterfall with annual periods and IRR or Equity Multiple hurdles has been one of the most popular models in our library of real estate Excel models. It’s been downloaded thousands of times and we’ve received dozens of suggestions for how to improve the model. As a result, we […]

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Using the Cash-on-Cash Return in Real Estate Investment Analysis

I’ve fielded a handful of Cash-on-Cash (CoC) return questions of late. So, I thought it would be worthwhile to write a post on what the Cash-on-Cash return metric tells me about a potential real estate investment. This article is a primer, if you will, on when this metric is helpful to use in your analysis […]

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All-in-One (Ai1) Walkthrough #1 – Permanent Debt Tab (Updated Nov 2019)

In an effort to provide greater instruction on how to use our All-in-One Underwriting Tool for Real Estate Development and Acquisition, we’ve developed a series of walkthrough videos and posts on the methodology behind the various components of the model. This walkthrough, our first in the series, will detail how the Permanent Debt Module is […]

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How to Prepare for the Real Estate Technical Interview

So you’ve made it past the HR screening interview. You have the education and experience the company is looking for, but now they want to be sure you possess the real estate financial modeling skills necessary to do the job. They’ve asked you to take part in a multi-hour real estate technical interview. In that interview, they’ll […]

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Single Family Residential Investment Analysis Model (Updated 11.11.2019)

Pre-2008, I bought and sold my fair share of single family homes – both for investment purposes (rental or flips) and to live in. In those days, almost everyone was “investing” in residential real estate – hence the market crash. I personally don’t have any plans to get back into buying and selling homes, beyond […]