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Real Estate Financial Modeling Accelerator (Updated Aug 2020)

Since starting A.CRE, Michael and I have fielded email after email requesting a more structured real estate financial modeling training program on the site. Important Note: We're updating and adding to the Accelerator every week. Since launch,…
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Development Draw Schedule – Visually Customize Each Line Item

Working a lot with development draw schedules, I have always been looking for a catch all solution as to how one could easily model all the unique ways cash actually flows over time during the process. The norm for many is to model cash flows…
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Convert Monthly Cash Flows to Quarterly and Annual Cash Flows

Over the past few years, I've been working to build an ARGUS DCF alternative in Excel - or otherwise known here as the A.CRE All-in-One (Ai1) Model. As I've worked on that model, I've been jotting down modeling techniques I use and think would…
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4-Tier Equity Multiple Waterfall – Download and Watch Me Build

Here is a simple, yet very powerful, 4-tier equity multiple waterfall module. This post contains both a completed version of the module ready to plug into a real estate financial model as well as a 'Watch Me Build' template and companion video…
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1031 Exchange – Introduction, Overview, and Analysis Tool

A 1031 Exchange, or Like-kind Exchange, is a strategy in which a real estate investor can defer both capital gains tax and depreciation recapture tax upon the sale of a property and use that money, which has not been taxed, to purchase a like-kind…
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Construction Draw Schedule: Accounting For True LTC

When lenders provide debt for a development project, they lend based on a Loan-to-Cost ratio (LTC), which is simply the percent of the total budget the lender will agree to lend to the borrower. So, if a project costs $10MM, and a lender loans…
a shopping center with robust sales and low occupancy cost
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Tenant Sales and Occupancy Cost in Retail Underwriting

When underwriting a retail investment, rollover risk is an incredibly important consideration. You, as a prospective debt or equity investor in the property, need to understand how secure the cash flows you're buying are; or in other words,…
a large commercial real estate building
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Refinance Risk Analysis Tool in Excel

Simply put, equity real estate investors spend their time modeling the upside while their debt partners spend their time modeling the down side. Equity investors generally focus on an investment's internal rate of return, cash-on-cash return,…
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Physical Occupancy Calculation Model for Real Estate

As many of you know, I'm in the midst of moving my family from Milwaukee to Dallas, and quite frankly I'm getting sick of eating out and sleeping in hotel rooms. So what better way to unwind from hours of whining kids and tiresome travel, than…
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Using an IRR Matrix to Determine Hold Period

When building a real estate financial pro forma, it's important to model for and include a summary of various return and risk metrics. Among the different return metrics, the internal rate of return (IRR) - both on an unlevered and levered…
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Real Estate Capital Account Tracking Tool

I'll be the first to admit that real estate asset management doesn't get the attention it deserves on AdventuresinCRE.com. The real reason for this is that we're not necessarily asset management experts. I spent some time working in asset management…
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After Tax Analysis in Real Estate (Now Included in Ai1)

When modeling real estate investments, industry practice is generally to stop at before tax cash flow. And this makes sense in most instances. No two owners of real estate have the exact same tax situation and no two properties necessarily…
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Create A Dynamic Revenue Row to Calculate Multiple Tenant Leases

I recently received an email from one of our readers asking how to create a dynamic revenue row for a pro forma that can capture rent changes for multiple tenants. I thought that this would make a great post for the site and would be a good…
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Waterfall Model For Real Estate Joint Ventures with Catch Up

I've just wrapped up a new JV waterfall model with catch up clause that I am excited to share on the site. This model was built as an addition to my back-of-the envelope retail/industrial/office acquisitions model I posted a few weeks back.…
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Real Estate Debt Module in Excel

I thought I'd share the real estate debt module I built for the ARGUS alternative in Excel that I've been working on over the last few months. Most debt modules I've seen in real estate financial models only include the ability to model…
Real Estate IRR Partitioning
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IRR Partitioning in Excel

In this post, I'd like to show you how to partition the internal rate of return of your real estate investment in Excel. I also throw in a quick equity multiple partition, to highlight how the time value of money affects your returns. I've recorded…